Formula 1 – Formula 1 or commonly abbreviated to F1 in the name of the race refers to a series of regulations of the International Automobile Federation (FIA) that all participants and vehicles must follow, for example such as the atmospheric engine up to 4,500 cm³. Meanwhile, Formula 2 – Formula 2 (lower segment) is defined for the type of suction motor with a capacity of up to 2,000 cm³.
The basic principle is that the lighter the vehicle, the faster the speed, so to ensure fairness for the tournament, the cars with the driver who do not have the minimum weight as required will be attached “kick” ballast to the car.
According to the latest regulations of F1 Racing from 2019, the total weight of both people and cars has increased to 740 kg, in which the weight of the steering wheel and seats must reach a minimum of 80 kg. This change in weight requirements makes some riders “a little easier” because they had to plan to lose weight before each race, to ensure the total weight of people and vehicles does not exceed the regulations.
The F1 race is not only the speed comparison of a single driver, but also the place to show the smooth coordination of team members in the pit-stop area. Pit-stop is simply understood as a technical stop, where the drivers quickly put the “million-dollar driver” into changing tires and immediately return to the track. When the time in seconds is a prerequisite for deciding whether to win or lose, each team has the faster tire change speed, the more advantage. The number of technical support staff who are always ready to “fight” at the pit-stop is about 20 people.
The record for completing the fastest pit-stop today belongs to the Red Bull team when they complete the process of entering the Max Verstappen pit in 1.82 seconds at the 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix 2019.
Practice, Qualifying and Race
If you’re wondering why an F1 race usually takes 3 days, the answer is this:
Day 1: Practice day (Practice) consists of two mornings and afternoons, each session lasts 1 hour 30 minutes
Day 2: Qualifying race lasts about 1 hour and is divided into 3 parts: Q1, Q2, Q3, deciding the starting position of the drivers on the official racing day.
This part allows the racer to run as many lapses as he wants, as long as he allows.
Day 3: Official Race Day (Race)
This is the official racing day to decide the “throne” of the participating teams with the climax of the most intense speed embankments.
In some countries, the racing schedule may be changed slightly. For example, at the Monaco Grand Prix, training days begin on Thursday to give riders time to rest on Friday. Or the official race in Singapore 2008 and Bahrain 2014 took place in the evening instead of the afternoon as usual.